Taking a step ahead to get on board on your research journey as a PhD student? If you grasp the right tips before writing your research paper, it will be a pivotal point in your academic career. Doing the research right will bring out your research paper significantly among your peers and tutor. Keep reading this blog as it takes you through 8 BEST RESEARCH TIPS FOR RESEARCHERS IN 2023, considering the best research format from PhD student point of view. The tips for writing impactful research will help you draft a well-structured research paper, even if you have just initiated or in the middle of the research. Let’s begin!
Step 1: Craft a Well-Structured Research Paper Outline
Creating a research paper outline is like constructing a roadmap for your paper. Start with a compelling introduction, followed by a clear statement of your research problem. Use the keyword “writing a research paper outline” to underscore its importance. Outline the methodology, present your findings, and conclude with a robust discussion and future research directions.
Crafting the right paper outline is like taking your research paper in a structured way from the start. The general universal research paper outline includes the following headers (it MAY vary according to the topic):
- Introduction: Introduce your topic in a compelling way then write your research problem, aims, and objectives,
- Literature Review/Body: Carry out the research in a critical way that discusses papers from different authors and their point of view on your research topic (You can use the database discussed below),
- Methodology: Outline the methodology of your research i.e., qualitative or quantitative,
- Results: Present your findings and elaborate them so the readers are capable of understanding your contribution on the topic
- Discussion: Discuss what you presented in the previous chapter and your learning from the results (this chapter discusses both the qualitative and quantitative research conducted)
- Recommendations: This chapter is your own suggestions and recommendations on the topic after conducting the research
- Conclusion: Summarize the findings and learning.
Step 2: Define Your Research Objectives
Before you start, be mindful of the research objectives and make sure they link well with the topic of your research. Students should be aware and have a clear understanding of the research objectives by fulfilling the following questions: What is the problem identified in that area? What research gap are you addressing? Then design your research objectives and questions clearly, add this in the first chapter i.e. Chapter 1- Introduction.
Step 3: Conduct a Thorough Literature Review
To draft a strong basis of writing a research paper, emphasis on a comprehensive yet critical literature review. You can do this through using authentic and trusted websites to research existing studies that align with your research topic. You can use research platforms such as:
- Web of Science
- IEEE Xplore
- Academic Search
- Google Scholar
By using these platforms, you will not only get a roadmap about the topic but you will also demonstrate updated authentic information about your topic/subject. Search for “tips for researchers” to emphasis on the relevant and up-to-date literature.
Step 4: Choose the Right Research Methodology
As much as the authenticity of the research is vital, the right methodology equally matter as it will attract readers to the new and unique piece of information/knowledge that you have gathered. It can be done by selecting the right research methodology according to the suitability of your topic. A pro tip for researchers to always be mindful of directly linking your research methodology with your research objectives whether you chose qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods for your research. Don’t forget to explain your methodology in a way which portrays your own research and findings on the topic.
Step 5: Gather and Analyze Data Effectively
While you are writing the research paper, ensure that data is answering your research questions, whether its secondary or primary research. Use relevant qualitative or statistical techniques while analyzing data. To avoid making repetitive errors, document your process in rough through a diagram or bullets before heading on to the final research.
Step 6: Write a Compelling Introduction
Introduction is the first impression of a research paper. Start by writing a catchy yet informative peace of content that grasps the reader’s interest. Clearly state the research problem and objectives, give an overview of the latest knowledge on the topic, and then explain the research relevance to the topic and the roadmap of the research which is conducted.
Step 7: Present Your Findings Clearly
A smart tip for the researchers while writing their research paper is to be mindful of the findings and ways you present it. Do not use future tense for the findings chapter, use labeled tables, graphs, charts, or diagram to illustrate the findings in a more enhanced way. Elaborate the research significance and how you implemented the research question throughout the research paper.
Step 8: Craft a Thoughtful Conclusion
You can conclude your research paper by briefly writing down the key information acquired while conducting the research and its implication. While doing this, you may reflect back on the research objectives and whether you have achieved them in the research paper. Add the limitation and suggest gaps for future research. Add a strong closing statement at the end that supports the significance of your research.
If you adopt and integrate these right research writing tips in your research paper, you will definitely end up with a high-impact research paper of your own. Be mindful of the best research format for PhD students described above, it will add a valuable structure accepted in all academic dynamics of research and make you look like a research expert!
Lastly, research writing is a critical process and each section requires separate consideration. After you are done with your research paper, revise and revisit your research to make it spelling, grammatical error, and repetition proof.